Transplanting a new tree from the nursery and into your yard isn't as complicated as you may think. With a little bit of early care, most trees will thrive. Whether it's an ornamental, fruit, or shade tree, the following tips can help you get your new transplant off to a healthy start.
Tip #1: Plant in native soil
When digging the planting hole and preparing the site, ignore any urges to add compost or fertilizer to the location. It may seem like these will improve the soil, helping the tree to grow stronger. Instead, they will create an island effect. Instead of growing out long roots into the native soil to anchor the tree and seek water, the tree will instead grow shorter roots into just the good soil in the immediate environment. By leaving out the soil additives, the tree will be forced to create a healthy root system to seek out the moisture and nutrients it needs.
Tip #2: Don't bind the roots
Another issue is binding the roots before the tree has a chance to grow. Make sure you remove the pot or wrapping around the root ball, including any twine. Examine the root ball and check for any large roots that are completely or nearly completely encircling the root ball. If you find this, slice through them with a clean knife before planting.
Tip #3: Create a water ring
Providing sufficient water the first year can be challenging. The
Tip #4: Manage the wind
Your new transplant needs to be exposed to some wind. The swaying of the trunk encourages the tree to send out deeper roots to anchor it, resulting in a stronger tree. Too much wind, though, can uproot a young tree. If you are worried about wind, insert a single tree support stake into the ground a foot or so from the trunk. The stake should be similar in height to the young transplant. Next, wrap a wide strip of sturdy cloth or a tree support rope around the tree trunk and the support stake, creating a figure-8 with the rope so the crossed section sits